Usage Areas

Chitosan Properties and Application of Uses

Since chitosan is a polymer with the effect o high bioactivity and high biodegradable deacetylated amino groups, having capability of creating film and capacity of chelation, high adsorption capacity, high biocompatibility, antimutagenic and antitumor effect and due to other physicochemical properties, it has found its place in several applications of areas. If it is necessary to mention these properties, antibacterial properties can be mentioned in the first place. This property may vary according to type of bacteria, chitosan concentration, environment pH, solution
type used for chitosan, molecular weight of chitosan and degree of deacetylation.

Very effective results arising from polycationic natural structure in chitosan types up to L4 o/o of generally depolymerization have been obtained. In addition to this, antibacterial activity of low molecular weight chitosan is greater when compared with medium or high weight. The higher chitosan concentration, the more inhibition effect in bacterial killing property. It has been reported that this has exhibited more active and strong effect in microorganisms with no chitosan or its derivatives in its structure. (Kumar et.al, 2000J. General application of use area is provided in Table

Application of use area of chitosan

 

Edible film
  • Maintaining moisture balance between food and its
    environment
  • Controlled release of antimicrobial agents
  • Controlled release of antioxidants
  • Controlled release of nutrients and sweeteners
  • Control ofrespiratory rate
  • Temperature control
Food
additives
  • Clarification and deacidification of fruit juices
  • As a natural flavor enhancer
  • Texture changers substance
  • Emulsifying agent
  • Food emulator
  • Stabilizer and consistencv enhancer
  • Colour stabilizers
Nutrition
  • Dietary fibers
  • Lipid absorption lowering agent
  • Single cell protein production
  • Antigastirit agent
  • Baby food additives
  • Live animal and fish feed additive
  • Hypocholesterolemic agent
Water
Treatment
  • Treatment of metal ions, pesticides, phenols
  • Removal of dyes and radioisotopes
  • Reverse osmosis membranes
Agriculture
  • Measurement of mold control in agricultural areas
  • Fruit, vegetables and seed coating
Cosmetics
  • Skin and hair care products
  • Toothpaste additive
Biomedical
and
pharmaceutical rnetarial
  • Controlled release of drugs
  • Artificial leather
  • Operation Structures
  • Contact lenses
  • Treatment of severe burns
  • Blood dialysis membranes
  • Artificial blood vessel production
Other
application of
use area
  • Enzyme immobilization
  • Chromatography
  • Analytical
  • Synthetic fibers
  • Paper production
  • Raw material in fiber production
  • Film and sponge production
Antimicrobial
agent
  • Antibacterial agent
  • Antifungal agent